Broadband News

My Fibre to the Premises (FTTP) Installation – Part 2

On 20 September 2013 I blogged about the first stage of my Fibre To The Premises (FTTP) broadband installation. Yesterday, 15 October, the second stage of the installation took place, and I’m posting this using my new fibre connection.

The BT Openreach engineer was due to visit sometime between 8am and 1pm. Since I am up early most days, I made sure that the room where the equipment was to be installed (two boxes attached to the wall) was clear, and furniture moved out of the way. The engineer called at about 8.15am to say that he was 15 minutes away – really great to get advance notice.

To cut a long story short, he had to drill a hole through an extremely thick (90cm) solid granite wall, which he managed very well considering how difficult a task that is. He fitted the equipment to the wall where I wanted it and ran the fibre cable through the hole and outside to the Consumer Splice Point (CSP).

Here’s the CSP opened showing the run of fibre carefully coiled ready to be spliced with the short run that will go into the house:


Next, some of this spare fibre was carefully cut using a splice tool to ensure a clean, flat cut. It was then cleaned with alcohol. The other end of the cable going into the house was prepared in the same way. The engineer opened a flight case revealing the impressively named “Fusion Splicer” which uses a short burst of electricity to fuse the glass fibres together.

Here’s the fusion splicer. It uses a digital microscope to help align the fibres perfectly. You can just about make out the faint blue fibres (which are incredibly thin) on the mid and lower left of the photo:

The BT Openreach fusion splicer
The BT Openreach fusion splicer

And here’s my fibre, fused and ready to go:

One fusion-spliced fibre optic ready to go
One fusion-spliced fibre optic ready to go!

And here’s the Openreach VDSL modem and battery backup attached to the wall the other side of the CSP:

BT Openreach modem and battery backup
BT Openreach modem and battery backup

As soon as the fibre was spliced, the connection light on the VDSL modem lit up, and technically, it was online. The engineer carefully wound the excess cable back into the CSP, and the job was done. We connected up the BT HomeHub 3 and checked the connection via ethernet, which worked perfectly.

A quick speed test via the BT Wholesale Speed Test came in at 96Mbs down, and about 8Mbs up. The engineer assured me that this would increase as the connection stabilised.

He finished late morning and for the rest of the day the connection speed resolutely dropped to about 50Mbs/9Mbs wired straight in.

However, this morning the speed was a different picture:

BT Speed Test results

Success! And a lot faster than the advertised 160Mbs service that I’m paying for.

But a word of warning – as soon as you start to use wifi, watch the speeds drop away. There are so many factors that can affect your connection. I decided to remove the HomeHub from the equation and use my 2nd generation Apple Time Capsule to handle the wifi and connection via PPPoE. However, it seems that the WAN port, despite it being a gigabit port, can’t negotiate above 100Mbs (and yes, I’ve checked the cable using PPPoE directly on my laptop which revealed the speeds above). I may have to go back to the HomeHub and use the Time Capsule in bridge mode again.

Wifi and internal cabling aside, the FTTP connection was a complete success. The time I had to wait between the first and second appointments was rather long, but I suppose we’re only in the early days of the fibre rollout, and more engineers will need to be trained up.

All-in-all, my installation took about 10 hours to complete over the two days. I’d advise you to be in for the first visit, no matter what BT say! The connection is now phenomenally fast, and it’s one of those rare moments when you find yourself saying that the wait was worth it. I just uploaded an 11MB photo to Flickr in just a few seconds – this would have taken 3-4 minutes just two days ago. My network attached storage (NAS) is suddenly a lot more capable, allowing me to log in remotely to retrieve files without an agonising wait. Not to mention HD streaming. All at the same time if we want to.

If you’re thinking about ordering fibre broadband, don’t hesitate. Not long until I can remove the copper wires altogether!


Broadband News

My Fibre to the Premises (FTTP) Installation – Part 1

When I first moved to Penzance in January 2012, BT Openreach’s fibre rollout was already well underway in Cornwall. The Penzance exchange was due to be enabled that May, and in my mind I thought that a few months would be well worth the wait. Well, it turned out to be more than a few months!

In February 2012 I registered my number with Superfast Cornwall to be informed when fibre of one kind or another (Fibre to the Cabinet – FTTC, or Fibre to the Premises – FTTP) would be enabled on my line. By the end of August this year (2013) I decided to check my number again as I hadn’t heard anything and there seemed to be a fair number of BT Openreach vans and roadworks in the area. The line checker came back with a friendly message saying that my property was eligible for FTTP – one of the few that would receive ultra-fast broadband.

After carefully reinstating my jaw from its newly found location on the desk in front of me, I looked up BT’s packages to find out how much it would cost. We currently pay £25/month (plus line rental) for a standard unmetered ADSL connection which on a good day peaks at 11.25Mbs down / 0.7Mbs up. BT offered a 160Mbs/20Mbs FTTP connection for £35 with free installation. That’s a lot of extra speed for not a huge sum of money – and when you work from home and are reliant on broadband any increase in speed, especially upload speed, can make a huge difference.

Naturally, I signed up. (Order date: 30 August 2013)

Installation of FTTP

I was given two dates for the installation. The first visit would be for the fibre to be run to our house on 20th September, then an engineer install the remainder of the fibre into the house and to connect up the new fibre modem on 1st October. I’d waited this long, so thought that those dates were reasonable.

Then a few days later I received a call from BT Openreach saying that they have had to delay the installation, and I was given new dates for the visits. The external work would be completed on 4th October, and the engineer visit would be on the 15th. A bit of calendar re-shuffling, but still OK. A tiny part of me wondered if it would even be possible, and the dates would march off into the distant future.

I was wrong.

This morning (20th September) at about 9am, there was a knock on the door. “Hello, I’m here to install your fibre broadband”.

The “external” appointment, I was told, meant that it was optional for me to be at home. But be warned – that’s not always true. In the case of our house, we have a locked rear courtyard which we needed to let the Openreach engineer into. It can also be helpful if you are in to help the installer know where you would like the fibre to enter your property. They also tend to respond favourably to offers of tea.

What happens during the “external” fibre installation appointment?

An armoured cable needs to be run from either the pole (in my case) or underground to your property, terminating in a small box called a Consumer Splice Point (CSP) over or near the point where the fibre enters a hole in your wall/window casement.

Here’s mine, taken during installation:

BT Openreach Customer Splice Point (CSP)
BT Openreach Customer Splice Point (CSP) during installation

Bear in mind that the steel-reinforced outer cable cannot be bent along a right angle – there must be smooth curves for it to turn a corner, and so this may affect where the cable is installed.

Once the armoured cable and CSP are in place, then the fibre itself is “fusion spliced” at the fibre terminator on the pole/duct/cabinet (delete as appropriate) and “blown” with compressed air down the cable. As I typed this, that’s just what they did:

CSP with fibre blown through the cable
CSP with fibre blown through the cable

And then a quick photo of the end of the fibre optic:

End of the fibre optic
End of the fibre optic

And finally, the completed CSP, ready for the second BT Openreach visit:

FTTP Consumer Splice Point
FTTP Consumer Splice Point

The BT Openreach engineers who undertook the installation were great – professional and courteous. Details of the next stage in a few weeks time.  [Update] Find out about stage two of my FTTP installation.

Broadband News Phones

Resolving a fault on a BT phone line and the BT brick wall

For the last few weeks, there has been intermittent noise on our BT phone line. At best, this makes telephone conversations difficult, but worse of all, it plays havoc with our ADSL router. For the last week the noise has been rather persistent, and our router is constantly dropping the connection, and reconnecting at much lower speeds due to the noise.

NB – updates are below this post.

As well as making it unpleasant to make calls, the speed of our broadband has gone from 11.65Mbs/1Mbs (down/up) to between 1.2Mbs/0.1Mbs and 4Mbs/0.3Mbs, if we’re lucky enough to get any connection at all. The router disconnects several times per hour and sometimes it’s hours before the noise has subsided and it can reconnect. Thank goodness that the 3G in Penzance is pretty reasonable.

Here is a recording that I made using my iPhone and a BT “quiet line test” (option 2 on 17070) to give you an example of what we’re dealing with.

I first reported the fault on 12 August, and a BT Openreach engineer (Openreach aren’t part of BT, but act as neutral maintainers of the old BT network) came round to have a look within a few days. I was quite impressed that they came round so quickly. Annoyingly, the crackling line wasn’t crackling when the engineer visited (you’ve got to love intermittent faults), and his test equipment didn’t show a fault with the line. But, erring on the side of caution, he stripped the wires of the incoming phone line and replaced the master socket. It was a few days before the crackling reappeared, so we initially thought that this had solved the problem.

Except that it hadn’t. It has come back and has become quite persistent.

To make sure that this wasn’t anything to do with our own equipment or wiring within the house, I changed every aspect of it, including the router (I have a spare) and microfilters. There are no hard-wired extensions in the house. The crackle was even there with a corded phone plugged into the master socket with nothing else involved. Same for a BT branded phone connected directly to an Openreach branded master socket.

On Sunday 19th August I called BT back on 151 and reopened the fault. An engineer visit was booked for today, from 1pm – 6pm, so I cleared my diary and made sure that I was home. I had made recordings of the noise and logged the erratic noise margins, line attenuation and output power on the line using the supplied BT Homehub 3 router to show the engineer in case the crackle went away again. I was well prepared, and looking forward to getting it fixed.

However, the time slot came and went, and no engineer turned up. At 6.25pm I dialled 151 and through the distortions and crackles successfully navigated through the complex menu options and spoke with an operator. However, they weren’t very helpful. The operator apologised and offered to make a new appointment for next Wednesday (6 days time). Clearly this was unacceptable, so I pressed to speak to someone higher up. A was promised a callback within 5 minutes to my mobile phone (the noise was unbearable and made communication hard on the landline). The callback hadn’t come 25 minutes afterwards, so I contacted BT via Twitter and sent in details of the case via their Twitter form. I was promised via Twitter that they would be in touch tomorrow.

At 8.30pm I was enjoying a walk after spending much of the day awaiting the BT Openreach engineer, when I received a call from the 151 operator’s supervisor. I was offered £10 compensation for the missed appointment and more apologies. I asked if it was too much for Openreach to let me know that they wouldn’t be able to make it, and I also asked what the reason was for them missing it. I was told that BT Openreach are so short of resources this happens to lots of people around the country. When BT request a reason why appointments are missed, Openreach rarely give a reason. If this is true, this is clearly an unacceptable situation, and if no clarity comes from my followups in the coming days, then Ofcom are the next step.

So where am I now? Well, the supervisor said that since my earlier conversation, where I was offered an appointment on Wednesday  – 6 days hence – there were no longer any slots on that day. The next available slot was on Thursday 30th between 8am and 1pm – a whole week away. It was claimed that there was absolutely no way for them to expedite my case and make it any sooner, and I would have to live with the fault until then.

I had hit the brick wall. I had no choice but to accept it. I was told that I would be called in a week’s time to follow up and check if the fault was fixed, and to discuss further compensation for lack of service.

I just want someone to check out my line, and perhaps have a look at the green box on the pavement to see what’s up. What I want rather than compensation is a working phone line as soon as possible, something I should have had today. Tehmina and I both work from home, so this is crucial to us.

That there is simply no way to get in touch with the local BT Openreach office to find out what has gone on, and how to put it right, seems quite ridiculous. At no point was I made to feel like a valued customer by BT, only half excuses were made, and stories told. However, with the way things are today, there is simply no alternative, so I must stare at the brick wall along with everybody else. I’m hoping for a better experience tomorrow if I get to talk to the @BTcare folk on Twitter, who helped me back in January, but I admit that I’m not confident anything will change.

Expect an update if anything changes.

(…And yes, my connection went down whilst writing this, and I had to post it using my phone which I’m not supposed to use for tethering! Still can’t connect after an hour.)

[Update – Friday 24 August] Today I spoke to a very apologetic member of BT’s social media team. He will try to find out from BT Openreach if there are any cancelled appointments in my area (Penzance, Cornwall) and will contact me on Monday if there are. If I don’t hear from him on Monday, I have to assume that the appointment will be next Thursday morning. He claimed that there is simply nothing that he can do to expedite my case. Right now, the noise is as loud as ever on the line and our router (BT Homehub 3) seems to have given up connecting and is occasionally showing a purple light on the broadband indicator, a colour I’ve never seen on it before, or no light at all. A reset allows it to connect briefly before randomly dropping out. I don’t think it’s happy having to connect and reconnect so often, poor thing…

[Update – 30 August 2012] The engineer visited today. He identified the fault, then called in a telescopic platform to be able to access the junction box outside the rear of our house where our neighbour’s line joins ours and goes on to the pole. They replaced the junction box “with a new type of join that’s more waterproof”, replaced the bracket, and re-routed the cable to another pole across the rear access lane. This new cable then looped diagonally back across the lane back to its original pole (2 sides of a triangle). The noise from our line has gone, and the quiet line test is quiet. Great. But. Our broadband speed, which used to connect (according to the router) at 13,500kbs (which according to gave us 11.75Mbs/0.96Mbs in real terms) now connects at 572kbs/440kbs. That’s very slow indeed. I’ve power cycled the router a few times, but it’s the same each time. So, unless it magically sorts itself out (a possibility), then it’s back to BT.

[Update 31 September 2012] I spoke with a member of BT’s social media team today, and they performed an SNR reset on my line. I was heading away for a long weekend, but by the time I left at the end of the day, my downstream had increased to 13,375Kbs down (much better!) and 442Kbs up (not really any different). I will wait until I return on Tuesday to see if the upstream returns to what it was. I am also to receive compensation for the missed engineer visit (£10 for an entire wasted afternoon, but better than nothing) and the days without service (or reduced service) on my phone line and internet accounts.  £23.20 in all.

[Update – 4 September 2012] Now that I’m back and the line has had a few days to stabilise, I decided to check the line speed again. 13,611Kbs down (great!), but still only 443Kbs up (not so great). I real terms on BT’s speedtester, it is 0.3Mbs, which used to give me a result of 0.98Mbs, so it’s about a third of what it used to be. A big deal if you upload lots (Dropbox, Flickr, YouTube etc) and rely on video calls (Skype). So this evening I replied to the email from BT sent after my conversation on Friday, and let them know the speeds I was getting. Within an hour (at 7.50pm) I had a call from a BT call centre, from someone who struggled to understand the problem I was having. I went though it all carefully, but they just didn’t get it. Fault on my line, Openreach fix it, broadband able to reconnect, slow speeds, SNR reset, fixes downstream, doesn’t fix slow upstream. I answered all questions, even reset my router to factory settings, and still I had to repeat the problem, repeating the ADSL line status information. When I was told to change the wireless channel to improve my upstream speed I had to insist that I be put through to someone who understands line attenuation and signal to noise ratios – he just didn’t get it. At 8.40pm I was transferred to a higher level tech support, who explained that the SNR reset performed on Friday will cause my line to go through a 10 day training period. So, roll on Sunday 9th September, and the return of our almost-1Mbs upload speed. Well, I can hope.

[Update – 16 December 2012] After months of patience and troubleshooting, I had to get back in touch with BT. I called their “expert helpline” and had a bad experience with the representative who was particularly surly with me. It caused me to complain via Twitter, and I was promptly contacted by very courteous and helpful person who listened patiently to my description of the problem. He was able to look at the settings and readings on my router and agreed that the upload speed was indeed much lower than I should be getting. He could see that there was a very high noise reading on the upstream, and arranged for another engineer visit. That was two weeks ago.

Yesterday, the engineer visited and was very thorough. He checked all of the wiring in the house, and fitted a new faceplate with a built-in ADSL filter, then checked our connection speeds with his own equipment and verified the upstream and downstream speeds, as well as checking the quality of the line. A simple request while he was here for an SNR reset resulted in the doubling of our upstream speed, also with an increase to our download speeds as well. We’re now at 888Kbs/14213Kbs up/down – a marked improvement on 443Kbs/13611Kbs we had before. The engineer explained that our profile had probably been based on the noisy level we had prior to September, and was set to a ‘safe and reliable’ level with the bias towards download (as most people are concerned with download rates).

So, I haven’t got my 1152Kbs upstream back, but I do have a big improvement to the slow upload speeds I had before. With luck, as there’s a 10 day training period, it may yet increase, but I’m happier to have an improved connection. It will do while I await BT Infinity, so, with luck, I can draw a line under this. Thanks to Jaimie at the BT Care team for helping out.